Last updated on January 12th, 2018
Are you suffering from bleeding scalp? What are the reasons behind your bleeding scalp? Scalp bleeding problem may have wide range of causes, they can range from chronic itching, skin conditions to head injury. Explore this article for detailed information about the causes, symptoms and treatments for bleeding scalp including natural remedie
- 1 Causes for bleeding scalp
- 2 Symptoms and diagnosis for scalp bleeding
- 3 How to treat scalp bleeding
- 4 Natural remedies to stop bleeding scalp
- 5 When to call a doctor?
Causes for bleeding scalp
Bleeding scalp have wide range of causes with various symptoms. The symptoms and treatments will depend on these causes. Here are the most common causes of Scalp bleeding:
1. Head/Scalp Injury
Head injury simply means any trauma to the scalp, brain or skull. The severity of the head injury may vary from mild to moderate to severe brain injury. According to many sources head injury can either be open or closed. The two head injury types can both lead to scalp bleeding. Head injuries also include skull fractures, edema, wounds, hemorrhage, hematoma and concussion. According to Medlineplus.com, head injuries may cause bleeding brain tissue and layers surrounding the brain. It can result to external scalp bleeding as well.
2. Bleeding Disorder
Healthline.com explains that, “A bleeding disorder is a condition that affects the way your blood normally clots.” Especially when you are injured. This disorder can lead to unusual bleeding outside and inside the body. There are those disorders that will increase the blood leaving your body or result excessive or prolonged bleeding. Though bleeding disorders usually follow accident or injury, some bleeding disorders will just occur without any meaningful reason. Common symptoms with bleeding disorders include easy bruising, frequent nosebleeds, heavy menstrual bleeding and bleeding into the joints among others. There are many bleeding disorders but the most common known ones are:
- Hemophilia-a condition occurring when there is low levels of clotting factors
- Factor II, V, and VII, X OR XII deficiencies– these are bleeding disorders linked to blood clotting problem or unusual bleeding disorder
- Von Willebrand`s disease– this one is inherited bleeding disorder that occurs when blood lacks von Willebrand factor that is helping in blood clotting
3. Compulsive Scalp Picking
According to Rightdiagnosis.com, compulsive scalp picking is “A form of obsessive compulsive disorder where a person compulsively picks at the skin on their own scalp.” Though during this period the bearer can feel some scalp pain, they can’t stop this as they try to relieve stress and gratification sensation. The severity of scalp picking will vary but may leading to bleeding in the affected skin. Compulsive scalp picking is mainly due to stress and anxiety but can be treated. Mediation, cognitive-behavioral and hypnosis treatments can really be meaningful for this syndrome
4. Skin Conditions
Many skin conditions occurring on the scalp that can trigger itchy rash or itchy blisters on scalp or lesions can lead to itching hence triggering scalp bleeding. According to Webmd.com, “There are 22 conditions associated with bleeding and skin rash.” Such skin conditions may be due to skin infections, insect infestation, allergy and irritation or disorders associated with internal organs or something else. The severity of such scalp skin conditions will basically depend on the causes. Some will form blood filled blisters while others can be itchy and trigger scratching to an extent of bleeding. Here are common skin conditions that can lead to itchy scalp or bleeding scalp lesions:
- Psoriasis on head
- seborrheic dermatitis (dandruff)
- folliculitis decalvans
- Contact dermatitis
- Dry scalp skin
- Severe Scalp acne
There are many treatments available for head bumps or scalp sores caused by these conditions. They include best shampoo for dandruff, scalp psoriasis cure, scalp scab treatment among more treatments
5. Hair Transplant
Scalp bleeding is a common problems during hair transplant surgery. This occurs in both graft area and the donor site. You should acknowledge that this is normal and should be expected. The most important question is that, how long will the bleeding last? The bleeding is always temporary and usually last for only two weeks but can extends depending on the circumstances. During this stage, the bleeding will signify healing process and the donor area forms scabs and heals. Bleeding scalp can also be experienced when the transplanted hair is combed. So rough combing and hair scratching should be avoided during this stage.
6. Chronic Itching
Chronic bleeding due to scalp infections, skin conditions or allergy can also contribute to scalp bleeding. When you have an itchy scalp that is reoccurring, you will definitely develop the urge to scratch the itching region too. Frequent scratching will damage the affected scalp skin leading to damage of the skin tissue hence bleeding. Scratching can also cause small blisters filled with blood that can burst and bleed.
7. Suction Instruments during Delivery of a baby
Suction instruments used during the delivery of the baby can also to baby bleeding scalp. During this process, these instrument can accidentally injure the baby scalp leading to bleeding. This usually occur when there is complications with the birth process i.e. when a woman birth canal is too narrow to allow out the baby. Such accident can also lead to some other complications to the baby in future.
8. Careless Scalp Hair Combing
If at all you are suffering from scalp pimple or bump, rough combing brushing may trigger bleeding as well. When also existing pimples or scalp lesions is scrubbed during hair brushing or combing, bleeding scalp is likely to be experienced. This is a common problem especially for those having long scalp hair. We should always be keen when combing or brushing by determining the presence of any scalp lesion. Combing or brushing your hair using rough combs and brushes may also accidentally lead to scalp skin being scratched hence bleeding.
9. Pulled Hair or Tight Braiding
Apart from skin conditions, allergies or scalp diseases, scalp bleeding can also be due to pulled hair or tight braiding. Pulling of hair will damage the hair follicles and can lead to bleeding. Tight braiding can also lead to scabs on head that can also result to bleeding. On the other side, tight braiding or hair pulling can also lead to scalp lesions that can eventually lead to scalp bleeding.
Symptoms and diagnosis for scalp bleeding
Bleeding scalp have many causes that will result to various symptoms. It is obvious that early signs or symptoms occurring alongside bleeding scalp will definitely depend on the underlying primary Causes. The symptoms will originate from various skin conditions and infections or from internal organ disorders. Some scalp bleeding will also occur suddenly that you may not have time to study them. A good example is scalp bleeding due to head or scalp injury.
Here are some of the symptoms that may together with scalp bleeding:
- Itchy scalp rashes
- Reddened scalp bumps
- Small blood filled blisters
- Scabbing (after scalp bleeding)
- Scratching of itchy scalp
- Hair loss
- Light-headiness or dizziness
- Low blood pressure
- Death within seconds or minutes (in serious cases)
- Pale, cool or clammy scalp skin
- Hair transplantation
- Swollen or tender scalp skin
- Other itchy skin lesions
Bleeding scalp can also be due to veiled severe health condition that may involve serious internal organ disorders. In such cases, the symptoms occurring alongside bleeding scalp may be very dreadful or life-threatening. The may include impaired vision, loss of consciousness, breathing and swallowing problems among other serious symptoms.
Mild scalp bleeding episodes are common and easy to treat. They also rarely have no long-term effects. Severe scalp bleeding can be very dangerous. Such significant scalp bleeding are always due to accidental scalp cuts, lacerations or puncture wounds from sharp instruments. According Emedicinehealth.com, such intense bleeding can result to, decreased blood pressure or reduced organ blood flow.
How to treat scalp bleeding
Treating scalp will only be effective if the underlying causes could be diagnosed and treated separately. The treatments will also vary depending on the severity of the underlying symptoms. The scalp bleeding may involve minor or major wounds. For cases of mild bleeding, you can easily stop them at home. Below are three procedures to care for bleeding scalp:
Stop Scalp Bleeding
- Put some pressure on the scalp wound or cut using a clean cloth or tissue until the bleeding stops
- Use thick layer of cloth to soak the blood if that is possible
- You should wash your hands after this first aid and before cleaning and dressing the wound
- Only apply a tourniquet if the bleeding is serious
Clean the Scalp Wound/Cut
- Using soap and warm water clean the scalp wound or bleeding spot. Wash out the soap out of the bleeding spot to avoid irritation
- Remember to apply hydrogen peroxide or iodine that can damage the scalp tissue around the bleeding area.
Protect the Scalp Wound
- To protect the bleeding wound, you need to use apply antibiotics to avoid or to reduce the risk of infections
- Cover the wound with sterile bandage
- Make sure to change the bandage daily to keep your scalp wound clean and dry
- Keep you scalp hair short until the bleeding relieves
Natural remedies to stop bleeding scalp
Home remedies for bleeding scalp will vary ranging from household ingredients such as tea bags, ice colds to certain herbs with potential healing properties. Below are what are considered effective home remedies to stop scalp bleeding.
This remedy work very effectively for stopping bleeding. Regardless, of which type of the tea, just take a tea bag and moisten it with water and apply it on top of the bleeding spot. Hold it there for around 10 minutes. This should stop mild to moderate bleeding.
Application of Ice
This is the most commonly used natural remedy to stop bleeding. It help in blood clotting as well as relieving the pain occurring alongside bleeding. “When you apply ice on a wound, it causes the ruptured arteries to constrict and close off” [Justhealthlifestyle.com]. This will eventually stop bleeding. One warning you should bear at the back of your mind is that you should not apply the ice directly.
This home product has astringent property that will incredibly help stop scalp bleeding. It will make the ruptured arteries that are causing the bleeding to constrict and close off hence limiting blood loss. This remedy will also aid clotting process. Just take cotton wool and dip into the white vinegar and apply it on the bleeding wound. This will wonderfully relieve the bleeding scalp.
Ground Coffee Powder
Ground coffee powder can also help to stop blood flow since it aids clotting process. This is one of the oldest natural remedies used to stop bleeding and has been passed from one generation to the other. It is only effective for minor scalp bleeding.
Apart from the above 4 mentioned natural remedies, more natural remedies include; turmeric, cayenne pepper, black pepper, alum, juniper sap, cornstarch, flour, salt and water, yarrow, sugar and witch hazel
When to call a doctor?
Call you doctor when:
- The home remedies and the first aid procedures can’t stop the bleeding
- The wound is deep or the edges are open with intense bleeding
- The wound has dirt or debris that can’t come out
- The area of scalp wound feels numb
- If there is any sign of infection on the wound such as tendering, redness or thick discharge alongside bleeding
The doctor will prescribe other advanced treatments that may help to stop the bleeding therefore, I repeat, don’t nurse any bleeding scalp wound while you see it does not respond to the first aid procedures/the natural home remedies.
- Itchy, bleeding scalp: http://www.netdoctor.co.uk/ask-the-expert/skin-and-hair/a3117/itchy-bleeding-scalp/
- Scalp Bleeding: http://www.rightdiagnosis.com/sym/scalp_bleeding.htm
- How to Stop Bleeding From a Head Wound: http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/tc/how-to-stop-bleeding-from-a-minor-head-wound-topic-overview
- Scabs on Scalp Treatment, Picking & How to Get Rid of Small Itchy Yellow Scalp Scabs, Sores: http://www.treatcurefast.com/scabs/scalp-scabs/scabs-on-scalp-treatment-small-yellow-white-get-rid-random-scalp-scabs-picking/
- Itchy, bleeding scalp: http://www.medhelp.org/posts/Dermatology/Itchy–bleeding-scalp/show/542761
- Itchy scalp that bleeds: http://healthquestions.medhelp.org/itchy-scalp-that-bleeds
- Scalp Bleeding: http://www.healingwell.com/community/default.aspx?f=29&m=2179593